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Monday, March 17, 2014

Cellulitis






Skin infection



Abnormal
  • Cellulitis is a spreading infection of the skin caused by bacteria. The typical causal agents are two: the gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus ("staph") and Streptococcus ("Strep"). Other bacteria may also cause Cellulitis, such as the gram-negative Escherichia coli.

  • Hot and red spreading rash
  • Streaking may appear going toward the center of the body
  • Swollen glands may or may not occur
  • Fever

  • Usually evident on examination
  • Culture by saline injection and aspiration (rarely done)

  • Antibiotics:
  1. Cephalexin (Keflex) or Dicloxacillin by mouth in typical cases
  2. Cefazolin intravenously in severe cases
  3. Broad Spectrum antibiotics if gram-negative bacteria is suspected (especially diabetics)

  • Venous stasis
  • Erysipelas
  • Deep Vein Thrombosis

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