|The common finding in cerebral palsy is the developmental delay of motor skills, such as reaching, sitting, rolling, crawling, walking and so on. In addition, there may be associated defects, such as seizures, speech disorders, hearing impairments, visual problems and mental retardations.|
Cerebral Palsy can be divided into four categories: spastic, athetoid, ataxic and mixed forms. These classifications reflect the type of movement disturbance displayed by the patient.
Spastic CP is the most common type. It afflicts somewhere between half and three-quarters of all patients with cerebral palsy, causing the muscles to be stiff and permanently contracted. Doctors often further subdivide spastic cerebral palsy into one of five types, describing the limbs that are affected. These names combine a Latin prefix describing the affected limbs with the term plegia (or sometimes "paresis"), meaning paralyzed or weak:
Athetoid cerebral palsy occurs in about 20% of the cases. Symptoms include: